Mediterrean Revival Style Bungalow - Venice
Buildings: Sarasota History
The Mediterranean Revival Style Bungalow at 409 South Nassau Street is one of forty-seven contributing structures in the Venezia Park Historic District, in Venice, Florida.
The Venezia Park Historic District was designed and planned by John Nolen in 1925. The subject structure at 409 South Nassau Street was built by the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers in the year of 1926. This property and the other contributing structures are all of the Spanish Mediterranean Revival Style. This building is significant because it is of the John Nolen plan. The plan is important on a social-historical level because the developers "encouraged substantial building activity in Venice to provide adequate housing for all income ranges. The Venezia Park Subdivision of the plan was designed for moderate to high-income residents. The Venezia Park Plan represents that portion of the provision of medium income housing. The character and design of the district are significant elements of the architectural framework in Venice.
The residence of 409 South Nassau Street, one story home of the Spanish Mediterranean Revival Style, is part of a "cohesive neighborhood relating in both setting and architectural design". It contributes to the district architecturally through the design elements and the careful placement in relation to the park itself. The structure is situated on a medium-sized lot facing west. It is a rectangular plan with an open-front porch. The roof is a gable-type with clay tiles. The plan consists of a living, dining, kitchen, three bedrooms, two baths, washer and dryer room and a long hallway that extends from the front of the house to the back. The structural system is concrete pier; with wood frame siding that has a stucco shell. There is a single chimney with niches.
This property exemplifies the workmanship of the Spanish Mediterranean Revival Style by the materials and ornamentation utilized in its construction. The house is situated on concrete piers, thus allowing a crawl space under the entire structure. The exterior front fašade appears to maintain its original design. The west fašade also maintains its original design except for an addition that was previously added at the back of the home. The windows of these facades are the original casement-style. The front door, the tile on the porch and the porch-lighting fixture all embody the Mediterranean Style: the door is original with hard wood plands and a small glass window, the light is wrought iron with yellow glass, and the tile on the porch is ceramic mosaic. The chimney, a dominant feature in both the west and north facade is original with niches in the detailing. Scuppers or attic vents and the roof tile are additional features of these facades.
The back of the house, east fašade appears to be completely an addition added by previous owners sometime in 1983, according to property records. The additional square footage included an extension to the kitchen, study/third bedroom, second bathroom and utility area. The entire rear fašade is not original and does not keep with the Spanish Mediterranean Revival Style.
The interior of the house contains many design details important to its architectural significance, such as original glass hardware, built-in niches (one is a telephone niche), ceiling trim that is made of the original plaster molding, cedar closets, vaulted ceiling in the living room, and original light fixtures. The flooring is original oak in the original square footage of the home.